Terms of Reference – Consultancy for ‘Peacegaming’

A. Introduction 

The Principles for Peace initiative is seeking a consultant to develop and run a ‘peacegaming’ simulation to test its policy proposal, the Peacemakers’ Covenant, in a real-world context.


The Principles for Peace initiative (P4P) is a collective and participatory effort to develop principles and standards to support national and international actors to craft more effective and inclusive approaches to peace. The thought leadership of the initiative is spearheaded by the International Commission on Inclusive Peace.

The work of the International Commission is anchored in evidence and global consultations, and enabled by a Ministerial-level Steering Committee, a coalition of 120 organisations forming the P4P Stakeholder Platform, a Research Committee of eminent scholars, and a dedicated Secretariat in Geneva. Since its launch in December 2020, the initiative has gained significant momentum, building an expansive collective effort of specialised organisations, practitioners, policymakers and renowned scholars across peace and security, development, and humanitarian sectors.

The global participatory process of the Principles for Peace initiative has demonstrated that peace often breaks down because it is not broadly legitimate, because it is not sufficiently inclusive and because it is not consciously transformative.

To address this, P4P has developed, through a participatory collective process, something akin to the Humanitarian Principles or the Geneva Convention, for peace, which builds on the learning and collective best practice of the past. It is addressed to and will be used to hold all key actors into account: the international system, national governments, armed actors, private sector, and the civil society. To achieve this, the initiative will work towards uptake and anchoring the Principles in the international system and set up a Global Peace Monitor which will advance this agenda by advocating the change needed, monitoring, building capacity, and collating and making accessible knowledge about best practices.


The Principles for Peace global process revealed that building peaceful states and societies in this era of complexity will require a fundamental and comprehensive evolution in thinking and approaches among all participants in peacemaking processes: governments, local community and civil society groups, security actors, national elites, the media, private sectors actors, international agencies, and donor countries. The Principles for Peace Initiative articulates the required shifts, anchored in a solid base of knowledge, evidence and cumulative learning, drawing upon two years of sustained engagements with both high-level and grassroots voices and inputs, and designed to reflect practical and lived experience, pragmatism, and political feasibility.

The key findings of the P4P are articulated in the Peacemakers’ Covenant. The policy shifts proposed crystalise in seven interlocking and mutually reinforcing principles: dignity, solidarity, humility, legitimacy, pluralism, subsidiarity, and integrated solutions. These represent a moral compass, a lodestar and a partnership compact to guide the individual and collective actions and decisions of peacemakers. They are guided by evidence that suggests that the practical actions and concrete programmes of 21st century peacemaking must embrace a holistic vision, while recognizing the serious challenges, trade-offs, and obstacles to building sustainable peace.


The purpose of this assignment is threefold, as follows.

1) Engage with the Peacemakers’ Covenant to develop the method for a ‘Peacegaming’ simulation that tests and simulates the seven principles in a real-world context.

• The consultant should engage with the extended version of the Peacemakers’ Covenant to develop the suitable scenarios, including the roles, the guiding questions and other required elements to test how adopting the seven principles of the Covenant would affect the behaviour of relevant actors in the peacebuilding and peacemaking space (armed groups, government, civil society actors, international donors and multilateral institutions) and realise the desired outcomes and shifts;
• The Peacegaming exercise will take place in two locations, one being a conflict country and the other a capital of a country of influence on peace processes. The exercises will be held during the last quarter of 2022.

2) Lead the running of the Peacegaming simulation
• The consultant should lead the simulation and ensure the quality of the exercise;
• The Principles for Peace Secretariat will be able to assist logistically and with facilitation where needed;
• The Principles for Peace Initiative will take on the cost relating to travel of participants at the simulation.

3) Provide a report summarising the implications of the simulation for the Peacemakers’ Covenant
• Following the simulation, the consultant should summarise the key learnings of the exercise in a report which is catered towards practical suggestions for revisions in the Peacemakers’ Covenant and the overall policy proposal therein.

1. An initial scoping conversation with the P4P secretariat to discuss the scope of the assignment and agree on a more detailed plan;
2. Reviewing relevant P4P documentation to gain a good understanding of the Peacemakers’ Covenant;
3. Draft scenario to be reviewed by P4P ;
4. Final scenario ahead of the simulation;
5. Leading the Peacegaming simulation;
6. Draft report (no more than 10 pages) reflecting the key findings of the simulation;
7. Final paper (no more than 10 pages) following review of P4P Secretariat;
8. Presentation to the International Commission in Inclusive Peace on the key findings of the exercise


The exact timeframe will be defined through the initial conversation between consultant and the P4P Secretariat. The indicative timeline is as follows:

– Initial conversation with the Principles for Peace secretariat – 28th of September
– Draft scenario for Peacegaming the Peacemakers’ Covenant
– Final scenario for Peacegaming the Peacemakers’ Covenant – 20th October
– Peacegaming simulation in November
– (Possible second simulation later in Q4 2022)
– Draft report – 25th November
– Final report – 5th December
– Presentation and engagement with the ICIP – date to be confirmed

All tasks are to be completed in close cooperation and under the guidance of the Principles for Peace Secretariat.


Candidates (companies, organisations, or individuals) with the following qualifications are invited to apply:

• Demonstrated track record and practical experience in peacebuilding, peace-making, development or related sector or academic institutions with a focus on research in peace and conflict studies, peacebuilding and peace-making, or related fields;
• Demonstrable track record in designing and running Peacegaming, wargaming, conflict resolution simulations or other related exercises.


Qualified candidates are invited to send an Expression of Interest, including your CV highlighting relevant previous experience and a one-page outline of how you plan to approach the assignment by September 23, 2022. Please address the Expression of Interest to Hiba Qasas (Head of the Secretariat Principles for Peace) and send all relevant documents to principles.secretariat@interpeace.org. Please include “P4P Peacegaming” in the subject line.

Please indicate your daily rate or a lumpsum for the paper in your EoI.